Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes the thinning of bone and loss of bone density over time. Bone ImageryOsteoporosis occurs when the body is no longer able to form enough new bone, when too much old bone is re-absorbed by the body, or both. People who suffer from osteoporosis are at a higher risk for bone fracture, than those who do not have osteoporosis.  Because the disease is most often associated with old age and the inherent risk issues are not taken seriously present ongoing challenges for the orthopedic profession. In reality Osteoporosis can strike at any age.

FEMR’s public education initiatives and awareness programs include identifying osteoporosis risks; symptoms of osteoporosis, prevention and modification of lifestyles to maximize peak bone mass; early screening and consumer understanding of bone mineral density tests; better consumer education and awareness of treatment options; and an understanding of fall and fracture prevention for individuals living with osteoporosis.

Although Osteoporosis can affect both men and women, women are more likely than men to develop it. Women generally have smaller, thinner bones, and they can lose bone tissue rapidly in the first 4 to 8 Man drinking coffeeyears after menopause because of the sharp decline in production of estrogen. Researchers estimate that about 1 out of 5 American women and 1in 8 men over the age of 50 have osteoporosis. The highest rate of occurrence is among post-menopausal women. The leading causes of osteoporosis are a drop in estrogen in women during menopause and a drop in testosterone in men. Typically, women over age 50 and men over age 70 are at a higher risk for osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis is often the root cause of many other health complications, since it progresses silently and undetected for years before being diagnosed. It is only after years of bone loss that obvious signs and symptoms appear, such as bone pain, spinal deformity and fractures. A person’s bones reach their maximum density, strength and peak bone mass between the ages of 20 and 30. After peak bone mass is achieved, bone rebuilding gradually wanes and bone loss begins to occur.